FEMALE BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY
Women who suffer from daily inconvenience and discomfort associated with having large, cumbersome breasts may find breast reduction to be the life-enhancing solution they are looking for. Modern plastic surgery techniques allow breast reduction surgery to be performed with minimal visible and unsightly scars. Breast reduction can allow women to lead healthier, more active lives. In certain cases, breast liposuction may be all that is required for breast reduction. Because large breasts, called breast hypertrophy, cause functional problems such as pain in the shoulders, neck and breast, reduction mammoplasties are often covered by insurance. In addition to the relief of discomfort, the breasts are more elevated and look much more youthful following this procedure.
MALE BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY
Enlarged breast in the male, called gynecomastia, typically occurs at puberty, at andropause (male menopause), with obesity and/or if a male takes steroids. In these cases, except for obesity, too much testosterone is converted into estrogen. Either there is too much testosterone or the conversion enzyme, called aromatase. There are medications to prevent this conversion, but once gynecomastia has occurred, it may be necessary to remove the excess breast tissue surgically. Male breast reduction surgery requires a combination of breast liposuction and surgical excision through a small incision between the areola and skin. Male breast reduction is a very gratifying procedure for men who usually object with great vigor to having breasts. Male breast reduction surgery is usually done under a light general anesthesia, but can be done under local anesthesia if preferred.